There are numerous communication technology based on Radio like today’s Wifi (802.11b), WiMax (802.16d and 802.16e), Global System for Mobile (GSM), Third generation cellular mobile network (3G), fourth generation cellular network (4G), Long term evaluation(LTE), High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) and there are lot more new communication technology hugely depends on Radio technologies.
WCDMA breathing effect and Coverage - Capacity trade off
WCDMA, the relation between coverage and capacity referred to as “breathing
effect”. The load of WCDMA network has a greater effect
on it's coverage. The load of WCDMA network impacts on own system in two ways,
depending on which link (uplink and downlink) has been taken into account. For uplink as more user added to the network,
higher interference or noise will be detected at the Node B end. This effect called rise over thermal. That’s
why UE need to transmit at higher power to overcome this effect.
Rise Over Thermal (dB)
loading of the system increases the Ec/No degrades, but the RSCP remains
constant. Degrading Ec/No is an indication of increased other cell interference
which demands the increase of downlink traffic power. Power being a limited resource,
the requirement of higher transmit power may not be available, thus the coverage
not being met in loaded condition; this scenarios called “coverage and capacity trade-off” for the downlink in a WCDMA